Domingo, 10 de Agosto de 2008

Georgia & Russia

By Jeffrey Stinson, USA TODAY
LONDON — Fighting broke out Friday between Russia and a strong U.S. ally in the region, the Democratic Republic of Georgia. The violence could significantly destabilize Russia's ties with the West — and even influence the actions of U.S. troops in Iraq. USA TODAY's London correspondent, Jeffrey Stinson, answers some questions about the conflict.

Q. What are Georgia and Russia fighting over?

A: Georgia launched a military strike on the province of South Ossetia, aiming to reclaim it after 16 years of semi-independence. In response, Russia sent tanks in. Moscow says Georgian forces had killed Russian peacekeepers there and were committing acts of "ethnic cleansing" of native Russians living there.

Q: Why does Moscow care what Georgia does in its own provinces?

A: Georgia, which borders Russia, is a former Soviet republic. It declared its independence in 1991 after the collapse of communism. Many of the 70,000 people in South Ossetia speak Russian and carry Russian passports. Relations between the two have been tense, as Moscow tries to reassert influence over nations that border it. Georgia has aligned itself with the West and wants to join NATO — a desire the Bush administration supports.
FIND MORE STORIES IN: United States | George W Bush | White House | Europe | Afghanistan | Olympics | Britain | Pentagon | Beijing | Moscow | Iraq | Russians | Soviet | Cooperation | South Ossetia | Organization for Security | Georgians | Orthodox Christian | Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin | Ossetians

Q: Why is this happening now?

A: Georgia insists it had no choice but to act after what it says are increasing attacks from separatists. Georgia President Mikhail Saakashvili claims Moscow took advantage of situation to "invade" his country while the world's attention was focused on the Olympics in Beijing.

Q: How bad could hostilities get?

A: It depends on how large a response Russia wants to muster. Russia has an active and equipped armed force of 1.02 million, according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies of London. The institute numbers Georgia's active servicemen and women at 21,150.

Q: How have the United States and the rest of the world reacted?

A: The United States, NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe have called for a halt in hostilities and for Georgia, Russia and South Ossetia to sit down and talk. The U.S. State Department says it supports Georgia's territorial integrity, while calling for an immediate cease-fire. The White House says President Bush and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin have talked about the situation while both are attending the Olympics.

Q: Is there a chance that the United States and the West could be drawn into a confrontation with Russia over this?

A: Georgia is not a member of NATO, so there are no obligations to come to its defense. Georgia so far has asked for diplomatic, not military, assistance from the West. The Pentagon says it has only 125 defense personnel and contractors in Georgia that provide military training for Georgian forces deployed in Iraq.

Q: Could hostilities here affect U.S. military efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan?

A: Georgia's president said Friday he is bringing home the 2,000 troops it had stationed in Iraq. That is a significant blow to coalition forces because Georgia was the third-largest contributor of troops behind Britain and the U.S. Apart from that, direct U.S. military involvement seems unlikely. Although Georgia may look close to Iraq and Afghanistan, it has little in common. Like Russians, Georgians and Ossetians are largely Orthodox Christian.
publicado por Aufgang Luz Nebulosa às 06:21
link do post | favorito

.mais sobre mim

.pesquisar

.Abril 2018

Dom
Seg
Ter
Qua
Qui
Sex
Sab
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

.Subscrever por e-mail

A subscrição é anónima e gera, no máximo, um e-mail por dia.

.posts recentes

. Orientação Marítima

. Poema

. notas praticamente disper...

. Brand New Heartattack

. looks looks looks

. Rosa

. 3D antecipation

. 2007

. Some portraits

. Let's Dance

.arquivos

. Abril 2018

. Julho 2014

. Julho 2012

. Junho 2012

. Fevereiro 2012

. Outubro 2011

. Setembro 2011

. Maio 2011

. Março 2011

. Fevereiro 2011

. Janeiro 2011

. Dezembro 2010

. Setembro 2010

. Junho 2010

. Abril 2010

. Maio 2009

. Março 2009

. Fevereiro 2009

. Janeiro 2009

. Dezembro 2008

. Novembro 2008

. Setembro 2008

. Agosto 2008

. Julho 2008

. Abril 2008

. Março 2008

. Janeiro 2008

. Dezembro 2007

. Setembro 2007

. Junho 2004

. Fevereiro 2004

. Janeiro 2004

. Dezembro 2003

.tags

. todas as tags

.links

blogs SAPO

.subscrever feeds